Executive Summary

In the face of increasingly intractable poverty and a widening gap between the rich and poor, government and nonprofit programs are searching for new ways to make their interventions more effective. Many organizations are turning to emerging evidence, from the social and biological sciences, showing the clear impacts of poverty, trauma, and oppression on the ways people develop, think, and behave. They are taking this science and designing new interventions, such as goals-based coaching. The early results are in: some of these coaching interventions are producing highly promising outcomes.